Jacques DONGUY (France)
Jacques Donguy (1943, Paris, France) – poet, performer, essay writer, translator. Started his creative literary and artistic endeavour in the early 1970s. He took part in the movement French Beat Poetry and was among the ideologists of the poetic movement Nouveau Réalisme. He has published a great number of poetry works, making use of new technologies, and since the early 1980s he has been one of the theorists of the computer poetry genre. He is the author of a number of books dedicated to various trends in the contemporary literature, including the following ones: on visual poetry Comedy Bar (Paris: Unfinitude Ed., 1982), on computer poetry Aluminium nights, automatic writing computer and others (Paris: Le Castor Astral Ed., 1987), Tag-Surfusion (computer text processing, Paris: L’Evidence Ed., 1996), theoretical editions on the issues of experimental poetry Le Geste a la Parole (Paris: Rene Baudoin Ed., 1981), A Generation, Concrete Poetry, Sound Poetry, Visual Poetry (Paris: Henri Veyrier, 1985), he is also the author of the anthology Contemporary Polish Poetry (Paris, 1983). His visual, sound and computer poetic pieces were published in various magazines, collections and anthologies on the contemporary poetry, among them are the following ones: Chorus, Exit, Cheval d’Attaque, Textuerre, Starscrewer, Doc(k)s, Jungle, and also in the magazine on computer poetry Alire 8 (diskette-format, 1986) and in CD-formats: Alire 11/Doc(k)s 3 #13-16 (“Poetry and computer,” Ajaccio, 1994), Fractal Musik #2 (Herouville St. Claire, 1998), Doc(k)s 3 #17-20 (“Sound-poetry,” Ajaccio, 1998), Erratum #2 (Strasbourg, 1998), Doc(k)s 3 #21-24 (“Web-poetry,” Ajaccio, 1999) and others. He organised a session on electronic poetry “Revue Parlée” (George Pompidou Center, 1998), in collaboration with the Museum La Vieille Charite (Marseilles) he prepared for the exhibition “Poesure et Peintrie” a catalogue, comprising of a number of interviews with known representatives of the international experimental poetry (E. Gomringer, A. and H. de Campos, E. Miccini, J. Kolar, D. Higgins, D. Pignatari, L. Novak, B. Heidsieck, C. Belloli, P. Garnier, J. Blaine, J.-F. Bory, E. Williams, D. Spoerri). He has participated in various theoretical and practical seminars, including the following ones: Computer and Poetry (Lille III Université, Lille, 1993; among the participants were: J.P. Balpe, J. Clement, T. Papp, Ph. Bootz and others), Literature generated by computer (Université Paris III, Paris, 1994; among the participants were: J. Roubaud, P. Braffort, J. Murray, M. Lenoble and others), Arte no seculo XXI, Humanizaçao das tecnologias (USP 8 PUC Universities, São Paulo, 1995; among the participants were: Stelarc, F. Forest, R. Ascott, E. Kac, D. Roqueby and others), Sound poetry / Action Poetry (Cerisy-la Salle, 1999, among the participants were: B. Heidsieck, J.P. Bobillot, A. Lora-Totino, S. Hanson, N. Zurbrugg, T. Papp, Ph. Castellin and others). He has conducted a large number of poetic performances with use of various computer technologies (sound transformers, simultaneous transmissions, sample projects). Donguy is a professor at Paris I University (the subject of his doctorate dissertation is “Experimental Poetry during the second part of the twentieth century”). He lives and works in Paris (France).